Idaho prohibits any person who has been convicted of a felony from purchasing, owning, possessing or having under his or her custody or control any firearm. Illinois law authorizes DSP to deny, or revoke and seize, a FOID card if the DSP finds that the current or prospective card holder is or was at the time of issuance subject to any of the following disqualifications:. In addition, DSP must deny an application for, or revoke and seize, a FOID card, if DSP finds that the applicant or cardholder is or was at the time of issuance subject to a firearm-prohibiting protective order, including a Firearms Restraining Order.
For information about this policy more generally, see the Extreme Risk Protection Orders policy page. As a condition of probation or conditional discharge, Illinois law also requires a person convicted of a felony or misdemeanor involving the intentional or knowing infliction or threat of bodily harm to refrain from possession of a firearm or other dangerous weapon.
Illinois law also imposes minimum age restrictions on firearms sold to young people. Indiana law generally prohibits aliens who are unlawfully present in the United States from knowingly or intentionally possessing a firearm. Individuals who have been determined to be dangerous by a court pursuant to a hearing conducted under section are prohibited from possessing or purchasing firearms.
Indiana prohibits a person from transferring a handgun to an individual whom the transferor knows:. For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see Background Checks in Indiana. For information about the process by which law enforcement can remove firearms from dangerous individuals, see Disarming Prohibited Persons in Indiana. Iowa prohibits any person from knowing possessing or controlling, receiving, or transporting, or causing to be transported, a firearm if he or she has been convicted of a felony in a state or federal court or adjudicated delinquent on the basis of conduct that would constitute a felony if committed by an adult.
Iowa also incorporates the federal laws prohibiting the possession of firearms or ammunition by anyone subject to a domestic violence protective order or anyone convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence. Any person seeking to acquire ownership of a handgun in Iowa must possess a valid annual permit to acquire handguns.
The five-year permit to acquire handguns requirement does not apply to any person possessing a valid state permit to carry firearms. For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Iowa Background Checks section. For information about the reporting of mental health information for use in firearm purchaser background checks, see the Iowa Mental Health Reporting section.
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Federal law prohibits certain people from purchasing or possessing firearms , such as people who have been convicted of felonies, certain domestic abusers, and certain people with a history of mental illness. See the Private Sales in Kansas section for information regarding Kansas laws that prohibit people from knowingly selling a firearm to prohibited individuals. For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Kansas Background Checks section. Similarly, Kentucky law prohibits possession of a firearm by anyone convicted of a felony after July 15, , and possession of a handgun by anyone convicted of a felony after January 1, For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Kentucky Background Checks section.
However, Kentucky makes it a Class D felony for a person to knowingly solicit, persuade, encourage, or entice a licensed dealer or private seller of firearms to transfer a firearm under circumstances which the person knows would violate the laws of Kentucky or the United States; or to knowingly provide to a licensed dealer or private seller of firearms what the person knows to be materially false information with intent to deceive the dealer or seller about the legality of a transfer of a firearm; or to procure another to engage in such conduct.
Similarly, Louisiana law prohibits the purchase or possession of firearms by people convicted of, or found not guilty by reason of insanity for, the following crimes subject to certain exceptions :. These prohibitions no longer apply if the person has not been convicted of any felony for ten years after the completion of the sentence.
Louisiana also prohibits certain domestic abusers from possessing guns after a criminal conviction or for the duration of a domestic violence protective order. For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Louisiana Background Checks section. Maine law provides that a person may not possess a firearm if he or she has been convicted of committing, or found not criminally responsible by reason of insanity of committing, a crime under:. In addition, a person may not possess a firearm if that person has been adjudicated to have engaged in conduct as a juvenile that, if committed by an adult, would have been a disqualifying conviction listed above if bodily injury to another person was threatened and resulted, or if the prosecuting authority was required to prove that the crime was committed with the use of a dangerous weapon, regardless of bodily injury.
Maine law also incorporates the federal prohibitions against firearm possession by any person who:. The Commissioner must notify local law enforcement about the application, and local law enforcement is given an opportunity to object. A permit to possess a firearm issued to a convicted felon or juvenile offender remains valid for four years.
For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Maine Background Checks section. In Maryland, the Secretary of the Maryland State Police must deny a transfer of a regulated firearm 1 when the prospective purchaser, lessee or transferee: 2. Moreover, the possession prohibitions include different, more expansive mental health restrictions, including any person who:. Maryland explicitly prohibits any person from possessing a regulated firearm or a standard rifle or shotgun if that person: Generally, a person who is disqualified from owning a rifle or shotgun for mental health reasons may seek relief from the disqualification.
Maryland law also makes it a crime to fail to comply with the terms of an extreme risk protective order prohibiting firearm possession during the term of the order. See Disarming Prohibited Persons in Maryland. Transfers of rifles and shotguns by private sellers non-firearms dealers are not subject to background checks, although federal purchaser prohibitions still apply.
For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Massachusetts Background Checks section. Michigan prohibits a handgun seller from knowingly selling a firearm or ammunition to such a person, or to a person under indictment for a felony.
Michigan also prohibits issuance of a handgun purchase license to any person local law enforcement has probable cause to believe would be a threat to themselves or others, or would commit a crime with the handgun. A person presently charged with a crime punishable by imprisonment for more than one year is not entitled to receive any handgun or semiautomatic military-style assault weapon. The state, by regulation, prohibits offenders on parole or supervised release from purchasing, obtaining or possessing firearms. Predatory offenders who are required to register under state law 37 are prohibited from carrying a handgun whether or not they possess a permit to carry a handgun.
For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see Background Checks in Minnesota.
Firearm transfers by private sellers non-firearms dealers are not subject to background checks in Minnesota, although federal and state purchaser prohibitions still apply. See Private Sales in Minnesota. In addition, Mississippi incorporates some of the federal prohibitions as state offenses. Mississippi prohibits the possession of a firearm by any person convicted of a felony under federal law or the laws of any state.
For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Mississippi Background Checks section. Missouri law generally allows a person who is intoxicated to possess a firearm as long as he or she does not handle or use it in a negligent or unlawful manner or discharge the weapon except when acting in self-defense.
Intoxicated persons may also possess a firearm that is: 1 not readily accessible; 2 transported in a nonfunctioning state; or 3 unloaded when ammunition is not readily accessible. However, Missouri law prohibits a federal firearms dealer who engages in the sale of firearms from failing or refusing to complete the sale of a firearm to a customer when the sale is authorized by federal law. Montana provides that, subject to certain limited exceptions, no person shall possess a firearm if he or she has been convicted of:.
Prohibited felons may nonetheless be entitled to purchase and possess firearms by applying for and receiving a permit, which will be granted upon a showing of good cause for the possession of each firearm sought to be purchased and possessed. Possession of a deadly weapon by a prisoner or person in a youth detention facility is also a crime in Montana. For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Nebraska Background Checks section. The petitioner may appeal a denial of the requested relief to the district court. In , Nevada voters approved a ballot initiative to require background checks on private sales of firearms.
Nevada currently lacks an enforceable process to conduct background checks on private sales of firearms. Nevada does, however, provide that a private person who wishes to transfer a firearm may request that the Central Repository for Nevada Records of Criminal History perform a background check on the transferee.
See the Nevada Private Sales section for further information. Similarly, New Hampshire has incorporated the federal prohibition against selling firearms to felons as a state offense. For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the New Hampshire Background Checks section. New Jersey prohibits the following individuals from possessing firearms and, as of , ammunition:. In New Jersey, all prospective firearm purchasers must obtain either a permit to purchase a handgun one handgun purchase per permit , 6 or a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card FPIC one card allows unlimited rifle and shotgun purchases , 7 from local law enforcement or the New Jersey State Police NJSP prior to buying a firearm.
No permit to purchase a handgun or FPIC shall be issued to any person who: 9. Finally, no permit to purchase or FPIC shall be issued where the issuance would not be in the interest of the public health, safety or welfare. New Mexico prohibits convicted felons from receiving, possessing or transporting a firearm within ten years of completing a sentence or probation.
New York law prohibits any person who is not a citizen of the United States from possessing any firearm.
New York law also provides that, subject to certain limited exceptions, no person shall be issued a license to carry, possess or dispose of a firearm defined to include any handgun, short-barreled rifle, shotgun, antique firearm, black power rifled, black power shotgun, any muzzle-loading firearm, or assault weapon unless he or she:.
North Carolina law provides that, subject to certain limited exceptions, no person may possess a firearm if he or she has been convicted, acquitted by reason of insanity, or determined to lack capacity in a proceeding for:. No person may own, possess, purchase, receive, or attempt to possess, purchase or receive, a firearm, machine gun, ammunition, or permits to purchase a handgun or carry a concealed handgun if prohibited from doing so by a court as part of a domestic violence protective order in effect against that person.
North Carolina law provides that in any case where a juvenile is placed on probation, the court may prohibit the juvenile from possessing a firearm.
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No person may purchase a handgun without a permit to purchase a handgun or a concealed handgun permit. Federal law prohibits certain people from purchasing or possessing firearms , such as felons, certain domestic abusers, and certain people with a history of mental illness. In addition, North Dakota has adopted other classes of prohibited persons and incorporated some of the federal prohibitions as state offenses.
North Dakota provides that, subject to certain limited exceptions, no person shall possess a firearm if he or she:. For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the North Dakota Background Checks section. Ohio law also restricts sales to young people. Ohio has no law preventing firearm purchase or possession by violent misdemeanants or persons subject to domestic violence restraining orders.
For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see Background Checks in Ohio. Oregon also prohibits the possession of a firearm by a person convicted of a felony under the laws of any state or the United States, unless:.